This month, October 2017, Mercy Hands for Humanitarian Aid is launching a new protection program in Mosul regarding providing legal services to families that have the rights of their houses, lands, or properties (HLP) violated. There are different types of HLP violations, such as destruction, eviction from origin/ denied return, confiscation or expropriation of HLP, and compensation of lack of. These HLP violations represent a major problem in Mosul, just like it is the case in other areas that were occupied by ISIS, in Ninewa, Anbar, Salah Al Din, and Kirkuk governorates.
ISIS confiscated houses, lands, and properties from people for over 3 years, from 2014 to 2017.
The current conflict in northern and central Iraq has resulted in the displacement of 3.1 million individuals, in addition to over one million IDPs who have returned to their areas of origin since January 2014. Those wishing to return face significant challenges in reclaiming their Housing, Land and Property (HLP) rights, and property disputes are known to escalate into conflict adding further to destabilization in already fragile communities.
To help those families and to promote stabilization and community peace, Mercy Hands launched a new legal aid program through which a team of lawyers and supportive staff will implement the following:
1- To conduct a survey‐based needs assessment in target location to identify HLP claims and concerns of residents.
2‐ To provide awareness raising sessions to the most vulnerable families on Housing, Land, Property rights, with a focus on female‐headed households and people with disabilities.
3‐ To provide awareness raising sessions to local authorities to stress the need for Housing, Land, and Property restitution, and the important role in the reconciliation process.
4‐ To disseminate information related to Housing, Land, and Property rights and redress mechanisms through various methods (flyers, social media, and booklets/leaflets).
5‐ To restore occupancy certificates, civil documents, and tenure rights documents targeting 1,000 households, of which 40%‐50% are female‐headed households.
Mercy Hands' legal team in Mosul is conducting a survey‐based needs assessment in target location to identify HLP claims and concerns of residents.
This program is funded by UNDP Iraq, which is acting on behalf of UN-Habitat Iraq.